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Surgical Treatment Options for Glaucoma

Posted by Eye Specialists of Louisiana on Tue, May 24, 2016 @ 12:11 PM

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It doesn’t happen quickly. Maybe you notice a little blurriness in your periphery. By then, you’ve already suffered permanent vision loss. Glaucoma—the “silent vision thief”—works quietly.

While you may only be aware of a little peripheral blurriness, your ophthalmologist will be able to detect other signs and symptoms of open-angle glaucoma—such as optic nerve damage or elevated eye pressure—which is why it is imperative to have regular eye exams. Now some glaucoma sufferers do exhibit symptoms, such as halos around light, pain/redness of the eye, and tunnel vision. These are normally signs of angle closure glaucoma. Angle closure glaucoma occurs when the iris bulges forward to narrow or block the drainage angle formed by the cornea and iris. When this occurs, aqueous fluid in the eye can no longer drain properly.

If you have been diagnosed with open-angle or angle-closure glaucoma, it’s time to discuss your treatment options. Along with medication, please discuss surgical options with your ophthalmologist.

Here are four of the surgical options we offer at Eye Specialists of Louisiana:

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) is a laser that treats the drain directly to help increase the outflow of fluid. It treats specific cells "selectively”. For this reason, SLT may be safely repeated. It is not painful and can be an alternative to eye drops in early open-angle glaucoma.

Laser Peripheral Iridotomy (LPI) treats angle-closure glaucoma by creating a small hole in the iris, allowing it to fall away from the drainage angle and unblock the drain.

Endoscopic Cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) is a recent development in the treatment of various types of glaucoma. In this procedure, the ciliary body—the part of the eye responsible for producing fluid—is targeted with a precision laser. The energy generated by the laser effectively reduces fluid production. As the volume of fluid decreases, so does the IntraOcular pressure and the complications it can create.

Tube-Shunt Surgery involves placing a flexible plastic tube with an attached silicone drainage pouch in the eye to help drain fluid (aqueous humor) from the eye. This type of surgery is usually done after a failed trabeculectomy. If a person already has or is likely to form scar tissue in the eye, this type of surgery may be done initially.

If you’re struggling with glaucoma, click here, or call us directly at (225) 768-7777 to learn about your treatment options and request a consultation today.

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Tags: Glaucoma

16 Reason To Visit An Ophthalmologist

16 Reasons To Visit An Ophthalmologist

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